PR-SF0922-1 - 2022 Safety First, September

Application of Virtual Reality Simulation as a Tool for Safety-Related Training in the Steel Industry

F. Ramstorfer, S. Braz da Silva, L. Gaspar da Silva, V. Halty Rivero, et al.

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Due to the nature of the job, workers in the steel industry are inherently threatened by a range of hazards inside the steel plant, which have the potential to cause serious injuries or even fatalities. These hazards include heat, toxic gases and a working environment with close proximity to moving equipment such as cranes, trucks and forklifts. Equipment-related safety hazards include collisions, entrapment between moving equipment parts, as well as exposure to high energy sources such as heat, electricity and pressurized fluids. During the last decade, steel producers have significantly improved their safety performance, which is reflected by the significant reduction in the lost time injury frequency rate (LTIFR), which measures the number of lost-time injuries per million manhours. According to the World Steel Association, the global steel industry LTIFR went from 4.55 in 2006 to 0.83 in 2019, equivalent to an 82% decrease (Fig. 1). Even though this trend shows a significant improvement of the safety level in the steel industry, there is still much progress to be made in order to achieve the ultimate desired goal of zero accidents.

Keywords: safety