1998 Ironmaking Proceedings

A Mathematical Model for Blast Furnace Analysis Based on the Four Fluid Model

A Mathematical Model For Evaluation of The Blast Furnace Operation In Bokaro Steel Plant

A Mathematical Model for Unsteady State Coal Particle Combustion

A New Carbonization Process with High Temperature Preheating

A New Way for an Emission Free Levelling Process

A Numerical Analysis of the Transport Phenomena· in COREXQ® Melter Gasifier

A Process for Minimizing Reduction Degradation of Iron Ore Agglomerates has been Put in Practice

A Process of Reduction of Ore/Coal Briquette with Circulating Gas (PGC)

A Reliable and Economical Route for Coal Based DRI Production

A Review of China's Ironmaking Industry in the Past Two Decades

A Review of Coal-based Direct Ironmaking Processes

A Short History of Ironmaking

A Study of Basicity of Molten Slag on the Basis of the DV-X a Molecular Orbital Calculation of EPMA Spectrum

A Survey of Isothermal and Non-Isothermal DR

A System for Gas and Burden Distribution Estimation in the Blast Furnace

Activity Measurement of FetO in TiO2 Containing Slags

Addition of Western Canadian Coal and Petroleum Coke Into a Predominately U.S. Origin Coal Blend

Advanced Process for Producing Iron Carbide as Alternative to Scrap

An Overview of Steel Mill Waste Oxide Recycling by Cold Bonded Rod Briquetting

An Oxygen Supply for Blast Furnace Pulverized Coal Injection

Analysis of Coke Discharging Force

Behavior of Self Reducing Pellets for Ironmaking

Behavior of Slag Foaming with Reduction of Iron Oxide in Molten Slags by Graphite

Blast Furnace and Direct Reduction Pellet Quality Maximization at Quebec Cartier Mining Company

Blast Furnace Models to Analyze Raceway Zone Formation and to Predict Lining Life

Briquetting-One Way of Treating Byproducts at SSAB Tunnplat in Lulei

Building the World's Largest Pelletizing Machine: Challenges and Rewards

Bulk Density of Coal: Efftect of Particie Size Distribution, Moisture Content and Oil Addition

Calderon Reactors and Hot Gas Cleanup The Complete Cokemaking Process for the 21st Century

Carbon Boil Phenomenon and Oxygen Absorption by Metal Drops in Direct Iron Smelting

Coke and Ferrous Raw Material Quality for Ironmaking in the Specific Condition of the Czech Republic

Coke Degradation in Blast Furnace

Coke Degradation in the Blast Furnace Improvement of Coke Quality

Coke Dry Quenching or Wet Quenching? A Comparison Between Costs and Benefits

Coke Quality Requirements for Modern Blast Furnace Operation

Cokemaking with SCS Module Technology Ready for Industrial Implementation

Cold Model-Experiments on the Circulation Flow in RH Reactor Using Laser Doppler Velocimeter

Combustion and Gasification Behavior of Waste Plastics Injected into the Raceway of Blast Furnace

Combustion Characteristics of Non-Caking Indian Coals for Injection into Blast Furnaces

Computational Models Applying For COREX® C-2000 Operations in POSCO

Computations and measurements of liquids flow in the hearth of the blast furnace

Computer Modeling of Electromagnetic Edge Containment in Twin-Roll Casting

Conditions for achieving very low coke rate in blast furnace

Cooperative Research an Iron Ore Pelletizing

Current Status and Future Aspects of Hot Metal Production in Western Europe

Current status and future prospects of hot metal production in Japan, S. Korea and Taiwan

CVRD Iron Ore Evaluation: for Fluidized Bed Direct Reduction Processes

Design, Commissioning and Initial Operation of BHP Port Kembla, No.6 Blast Furnace

Design, Construction and Early Operation of CSC Number 4 Blast Furnace

Determination and Significance of Parameters in the Modeling of Liquid Flow in the Blast Furnace Lower Zone

Determination of the Fundamental Mechanisms Underlying Softening and Melting of Blast Furnace Burden Materials

Development and Future Potential of the FINEX® Process

Development and Use of a Charging Model for Coke Ovens

Development of B. F. Flue Dust Briquette for Recycling in BOF at AHMSA

Development of Ironmaking Technologies in China

Development Of Melting Furnace With Oxy-Coal Burner

Development of Ported Kiln Technology for Iron Ore Pelletizing

Development of the FASTMET® as a New Direct Reduction Process

Development of Zero Waste Production System in Japan

Diagnosis and Control of Blast Furnace Hearth State

Direct Use of Fine Iron Ore in the COREX® Process

Dissolution Studies of Carbonaceous Materials in Blast Furnace Hot Metal During Pulverized Coal Injection

DRI/HBI Production in Shaft Furnaces with Natural Gas Self-Reforming in Metallization Zone

Dynamic Testing and Modelling For Improved Thermal and Production Control of a Blast Furnace

Effect of Charging Condition of Return Sinter on Sinter Qualities

Effect of Direct Oxygen Injection on Combustion of Injected Coal

Effect of Minerological Composition of Iron-Bearing Materials on Softening-Melting Properties

Electrochemically Enhanced Reactions Between Iron Oxide in Slag and Carbon in Liquid Iron

Essential Factors Governing the Strength between Particles in the Iron Ore Sintering Process

Estimation of Thermal Diffusivity of Solid Part of Coke Based on Image Data

Evaluation of High Temperature Properties of High Iron Content Fluxed Pellets

Evolution of Ironmaking Practice in Japan

Extensive Use of Lump Ore at Siderar's Blast Furnace #2

Extent of Coal Combustion in the Blast Furnace at Different Coal Injection Rates and Different Blast Furnace Parameters

Formation and Its Rate of High Quality Iron Carbide by Two Step Process

Formation of Hexavalent Chromium by Reaction between Slag and Magnesite-Chrome Refractory

Fundamental Investigation of Slag/Carbon/Gas Interactions Occurring in a Blast Furnace During Pulverised Coal Injection

Fundamentals Apsects of Gas-Solid Flow: Application to the Circofer Process and the PCI at the Blast Furnace

Furnace Energy Relationships for Increased Production at AK Steel Middletown, OH - No. 3 Blast Furnace for January 1987 to December 1996

Fusible Inertinites in Coking Coals

Future Ironmaking in North America

Granular Coal Injection for Fairfield No.8: Design, Construction and Start-up

Hearth Wear Control at Kwangyang No.1 Blast Furnace

Heat and Mass Transfer in Reduction of Iron Ore Pellets by Methane

High Oil Injection Rate into the Blast Furnace

High-Carbon Fly-Ash Binders for Iron Ore Pellets

Hold-up of Fines in the Blast Furnace

Hydration Potential of High Iron Level Glasses: Criteria for the Recycling of Steel Slag as a Portland Cement Additive

Impact of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 on By-Product Coke Oven Production for Blast Furnaces and Compliance Paths

Implementation Of The First Expert System For Indurating Furnace Optimization

Importance of Selection and Training of Personnel in the Operation of a Direct Reduction Plant

Improved Wear-Control at the Blast Furnace Hearth by Direct Heat-Flux Measurement

Improvement of Blast Furnace Operation by New Control Techniques in the Blast Furnace and Sinter Plants

Improvement of Gas Flow Districution in Bell-less Blast Furnace

Improvement of Sinter Plant Stack Emissions at Kwangyang Works, POSCO

Improvement of the Battery Heating Control System

Improvements in Sintering Technology at Bhilai Steel Plant

Improvements on Cast House Operation at Siderar's Blast Furnace # 2 Since the Blow-In

Influence of Environmental and Operational Restrictions on the Selection Of COG Treatment Processes

Influence of Material Composition on the Softening and Melting Properties of Blast Furnace Burden Materials

Influence of Melt Sulfur and Silicon on Carbon Boil in Fe-C-S-Si Metal Drops

Influence of Raw Materials Properties in COREX®Processing Operation

Influence of Temperature and Oxygen Content on Combustion of Pulverized Coal

Influence of Thermal Treatment and Handling Conditions on Fired Pellet Physical Properties

Instrumentation and Process Data of Small-Sized Blast Furnaces Aiming Performance Optimization

Interfacial Phenomena of Fe-Cr and FeAI Alloys in Contact with CaO-SiO2- Al2O3 Slags

Investigation of Sintering Phenomena by Direct Observation using Hot Stage X-ray CT Scanner

Investigation of the Formation of Dioxins in the Sintering Process

Investigation on Tapping Strategies at the Blast Furnace With Special Regard to the State of the Hearth

Investigation on the Modes of Consumption of Residual Char by the Snag Phase during Pulverised Coal Injection in Blast Furnace

Iron Ore and Iron Containing Dust Injection into the Blast Furnace

Iron Ore Microstructure-Properties-Performance Relationship in Sintering Process

Iron Ore Research Emphasis at CVRD Technology Center

Labor Productivity Improvement at the Cast House in Nippon Steel

Liquid Flow Characteristics in Two-dimensional Cold Model with Solid Movement for the Dripping Zone of a Blast Furnace

LKAB's Experimental Blast Furnace at MEFOS/Lulea

Mathematical Modeling of Slag/Metal Separation in the Blast Furnace Trough

Mathematical Simulation model of Blast Furnace

Mechanism on Carbon Deposition in the Coke Oven Chamber

Mini Blast Furnaces in China: Current Status and Future Developments

Modelling of the Blast Furnace Lower Zone for Design of High Rate Fuel Injectant Practices

Modelling the Flow of Solids in the Blast Furnace

New Developments in Managing Tailings from Iron Ore Mines

No 13 Blast Furnace Fifty-Eight Day Repair, Start-up and Recovery

Novel Method of Plasma Superheating of Hot Blast to Maximize Blasf Furnace Fuel Injection

Numerical Analysis of Scrop Melting in a High-Frequency Induction Furnace with Coke Packed Bed

Observation on Microstructure of Iron Reduced from MgO or CaO Containing Wustite

OCF (Oxugen-Coal-Flux Injection) Blast Furnace Process

On The Reduction Of Iranian Iron Ore Using Domestic Noncoking Coal

On-Line Non-Intnnsive Measurement of Green Pellet Diameter

Operation Guidance Techniques For Blast Furnace Casting And Liquids Management

Operation of Alchevsk Stamped Charge Coke Plant

Operation Results of Separated Granulation Equipment at Wakayama No. 4 Sintering Plant

Operational and Environmental Benegits by Using Bauxite in Blast Furnace (BF)

Optimization of a By-Product Plant after the Erection of a New Coke Plant

Optimizing Iron Ore Pellet Induration Systems Using Process Modelling

Partition of Elements among Slag, Metal and Gas in the High Temperature Region of Blast Furnace and Smelting Reduction Processes

Pellet Pot Grate Test Present Practice And Future Requirement

Pellet Quality Improvements at Wabush Mines

Phase Diagram of the CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 System

Phase Stability and Kinetics of Gas-Phase Conversion of Hematite to Cementite

Physical Chemistry of Slag-Metal Gas Reactions In the Blast Furnace

Predicting Coke Strength After Reaction of Blends in the Sole-Heated Oven

Process Considerations for Coal Injection at National Steel's Great Lakes D-4 BRast Furnace

Process control techniques, for the realization of high hot metal quality, high productivity and high pulverized coal injection at the Sidmar blast furnaces

Process Design of Nitrogen Removal from Gas Liquor using an Electrolyte Simulation Model

Process Mechanisms of Blast Furnace Fuel Injection: What We Know, and What We Guess

Prolonging of Coke Oven Life

Pulverized Coal Injection Start Up at National Steel's Great Lakes Division

Quantitative Evaluation of the Factors Affecting the Temperature in the Upper Part of Coke Ovens

Rapid Reduction of Carbon-Coated Iron Ore in a Drop-Tube Reactor

Re-Engineering of a Pelletizing Plant Process Control System

Reaction Rate of Oxidized Iron-Scrap Briquette with Pulverized Coke in Nitrogen Atmosphere

Reaction Rate Study in the Oxidation of a Magnetite Ore

Recycling or Electric Are Furnace Dust by Self Reducing Process

Reducibility of Iron Ore Sinter and its Evaluation

Reduction Behavior of Ternary Calcium Ferrite at High Temperature

Reduction of Blast Furnace Coke Rate : Coal Injection

Reduction of Coke Rate to 310kg/THM under the High Productivity at the Kwangyang No.4 Blast Furnace

Reduction, Softening and Melting Properties of Pellets, Sinters, Lumpy Ore and Mixed Blast Furnace Burden

Results of Ultra High Rates of Natural Gas Injection into the Blast Furnace at Acme Steel Company

Revamping of No. 2 Sinter Plant at Pohang Works

Scale-Up of the Comet Direct Reduction Process

Sfimultaneous Vaporization of NaF and SiF4

Simulatfion of Silicon Transport in BF

Simulation for Dripping Behavior of Primary Melt Formed During the Reduction of Iron Ore Sinter in the Blast Furnace

Simulation of Industrial Coking - Phase 2

Simulation of the Iron Smelting-Reduction Process

Simultaneous Desulfurization and Dephosphorization Process of Stainless Steels Under Reducing Conditions with CaC,

Simultaneous Determination Method of the Number and Velocity of Particles using Particle Imaging Velocimetry

Sintercake Structure Offering High Productivity and High Yield

Slag-Metal Separation in the Blast Furnace Trough

Slag/Graphite Interactions: Wettability Phenomena

Small Pellet Sintering Process of Fine Concentrate

Solid Stade Amperometric Sensor for the In-Situ Monitoring of the Composition and Transport Properties of High Temperature Metallurgical Slags

Some Progress in Understanding the Science of Iron Ore Sintering

State of the art of Blast Furnace Ironmaking

Steel Industry in South East Asia with Particular Reference to India

Structural Change of Coke With Various Reacting Gas Mixtures

Study of Interaction Between Alkali Metals and SiC Refractory in Tile Blast Furnace

Study on the Stress Field Inside Blast Furnace Using Elastic Plastic Theory

Summary Evaluation and Assessment of Carbon and Hydrocarbon Raw Materials for Iron Ore Reduction

The Achievement of Unmanned Operation at Fukuyama No. 4 Sintering Plant

The Analysis of the Economic Benefits of the Synthetic Coal-Steam Blast Technology

The Blast Furnace Operation under High Supervision

The Combining Distribution of Oxygen-Coal Flow Injected Into Blast Furnace

The Effect of Structure of Packed Beds on the Convective Heat Transfer Coefficient

The Experiment on Direct Reduction of Carbon-Bearing Pellets in a Shaft Furnace

The Investigation of the Coke Oven Damage (Joint Japanese Mill Paper)

The New Control Systems at NKK Coke Plant

The Reduction Behavior of Synthesized Sinter Blended With a Low Grade Iron Ore

The Second Rebuild of Pohang No. 2 Blast Furnace in POSCO

The Use of Solid State Carbothermic Reduction as a Preparation for Smelting

Thermal Analysis of Stainless Steel Casting in Billet C.C. Machine

Thermal Simulation Study on Factors Influencing Bonding Strength of Boundary Surface Between Spray-Mending Layer and Remained Lining of Blast Furnace

Thermodynamic Modeling of Liquid Slags

Thermodynamics of Titanium Oxide in Blast Furnace Type Slags

Thermodynamics of Trace Elements in Iron-Carbon Alloys

Towards The Year 2000 - The Second Campaign of Redcar Blast Furnace

Transport Phenomena in Coke Process

Visual Monitoring and Estimating the Sintering Process

Water Modeling of Vacuum Decarburization in a Ladle

Yandi Iron Ore - From Fundamental Ore Properties To Plant Sintering Performance